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Gen X has the most student loan debt, buys the biggest share of homes #GenerationalStats

(REAL ESTATE NEWS) Gen X is often left out of the conversation about homeownership yet accounts for the biggest share of purchases this year despite student loan and equity challenges. Let’s discuss generational trends.

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Survey finds serious generational differences

In studying generational differences of recent home buyers and sellers, the National Association of Realtors (NAR) found that millennials are moving to the suburbs, younger generations are more likely to use a real estate agent, a growing number of millennials and younger boomer buyers have kids living at home, and student debt is common in Gen X and boomer households. Whew, that’s a mouthful.

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NAR points out that while much focus has centered around millennials’ homeownership challenges, Gen X is often lost in the discussion, a generation that fueled the greatest share of purchases in the past year.

Gen X has the most student loan debt

NAR Chief Economist, Dr. Lawrence Yun notes that this generation started families, entered the middle part of their careers, and bought homes, only to be rattled by job losses, slipping home values, and overall economic uncertainty during and after the Great Recession.

In the past year, Gen X households experienced equity challenges, and were the most likely generation to have previously sold a distressed property and the most likely to want to sell earlier but were underwater and couldn’t.

The survey found that Gen X had the most student loan debt this year ($30,000) and delayed buying a home longer than millennials because of equity and debt challenges.

“Gen X sellers’ median tenure in their previous home was 10 years, which puts many of them selling a property they bought right around the time home values were on the precipice of declining,” said Dr. Yun. “Fortunately, the much stronger job market and 41 percent cumulative rise in home prices since 2011 have helped a growing number build enough equity to finally sell and trade up to a larger home. More Gen X sellers are expected this year and are definitely needed to ease the inventory shortages in much of the country.”

An uptick in purchases from Gen X

Despite the equity and student loan debt challenges, the uptick in purchases from Gen X buyers (28 percent) was the highest level in three years.

Millennials were the largest group of recent home buyers (34 percent) followed closely by boomers (30 percent) and the silent generation accounted for 8.0 percent of home purchases.

Younger boomers focused on adult children

This year, NAR points out a rising trend – younger boomers increasingly considering their adult children as they buy. Because rents are soaring nationally, younger boomers were the most likely to purchase a multi-generational home (20 percent, up from 16 percent in 2016), citing adult children moving back in or never having left as the top reason.

Meanwhile, household formation rates remain delayed, dragging down homeownership rates and shifting how older generations buy homes in preparation.

“The job market is very healthy for young adults with a college education, but repaying student debt and dealing with ever-increasing rents on an entry-level salary are forcing many to either shack-up with several roommates or move back home,” said Dr. Yun.

Moving on to millennials

The NAR survey indicates that millennials have more kids in tow (49 percent have at least one child, up from 43 percent just two years ago), demanding more space at an affordable price, pushing them to the suburbs. Only 15 percent of millennial buyers bought in an urban area, down from 21 percent two short years ago.

“Millennial buyers, at 85 percent, were the most likely generation to view their home purchase as a good financial investment,” added Yun. “These strong feelings bode well for even greater demand in the future as more millennials settle down and begin raising families. A significant boost in new and existing inventory will go a long way to ensuring the opportunity is there for more of them to reach the market.”

Demand for real estate professionals

Regardless of age, buyers and sellers continue to see real estate agents as an integral part of a real estate transaction.Click To Tweet

In this year’s survey, nearly 90 percent of respondents said they worked with a real estate agent to buy or sell a home. This kept for-sale-by-owner transactions down at their lowest share ever (8 percent).

#GenerationalStats

Staff Writer at The Real Daily, Tara Steele has long covered real estate news, technology news and everything in between. She has analyzed economic data for ages, and relishes in telling the real story behind the real estate industry.

Homeownership

What can you expect with property values in 2018?

(REAL ESTATE NEWS) Although property values fluctuate depending on location, we can spot regional trends to showcase what 2018 has in store.

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MID mortgage interest deductions existing home sales

One question property owners and potential buyers are constantly asking as 2017 winds down is: What can I expect with my property values for the next year? While there may be no crystal ball for property values, there are certainly trends that can be helpful in making decisions in the New Year.

According to data analysis on property value trends from the National Association of Realtors (NAR) using federal American Community Survey (ACS) numbers, good things are in store for property owners and hypothetical buyers.

“Using data from the American Community Survey (ACS), we can analyze the gains and losses of property values over time,” Michael Hyman, research data specialist for NAR said. “Looking at the 2005 – 2016 period, the figures point to trends, which vary by region and state.”

Using data from the ACS from years 2005 to 2016, NAR found only a few states for this 11-year period are showing property value stagnation or devaluation. More specifically, property value growth was the strongest in the Southern region. The Northeast had the weakest growth in property values.

NAR’s regional analysis of the of Northeast, Midwest, South, and West goes further in the weeds to describe what types of value trends are occurring. The South’s lead on property value growth is lead by Louisiana, with a ratio of 57 percent price growth with four percent average annual price growth. This finding falls in lockstep with the idea that many property flippers that are now turning their attention to Louisiana (specifically Baton Rouge).

In contrast to the South, the Northeast (which normally has the slowest price growth) had one of the biggest losers in terms of price trends, with Rhode Island’s value dropping 11 percent, and negative one percent change annually. If your eye is on the Northeast at any cost, Pennsylvania is your best bet, with a 40 percent price growth and 3 percent annual growth.

But the big winner in the property growth trends? The Midwest’s North Dakota, with a whopping 106 percent increase in price growth and 6 percent growth annually. The big loser for this time frame is Nevada, with negative 16 percent growth and a decrease of one percent annually.

While this data can’t guarantee that any current or future property venture will turn profitable, it can highlight some areas of interest. It’s no crystal ball, but it can give you a great perspective on future property value forecasting.

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Homeownership

Experts, politicians say improving homeownership will be complex

(REAL ESTATE) As tax reform remains hotly debated, experts and politicians discuss the way forward to protect homeownership, and thus the economy.

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jeb hensarling on homeownership

The consensus is that if more Americans can sustainably buy homes, the economy and taxpayers will benefit.

As the nation’s homeownership rate hovers around a 50-year low, it’s time to acknowledge and start addressing the range of issues suppressing the market today, according to individuals at a Realtors and S&P event this month.

“When there is no hope for owning real property, we are taking a huge step backwards for the future of our country,” said Senator Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND) in her opening remarks.

Politicians and industry experts at this event outlined a number of key issues that need to be addressed to improve homeownership rates and market stability in the U.S: Buying incentives, student loan debt, and affordability.

But most of all, it’s important that the complexity of the housing market never be ignored. There’s not just one issue to be addressed, or a single solution that will fix it all.

For example, leading up to the 2007 housing crash, home buyer enthusiasm peaked as mortgage rates were low and investment return rates high. It was an environment that many Americans felt was too good to pass up.

Many also feared getting priced out of the market if they didn’t buy right away and take advantage of the current market state, a phenomenon dubbed “buyer’s panic,” according to economist Dr. Robert Shiller. Shiller noted that public sentiment about the risks of home buying peaked in 2006, but homes were still bought left and right.

Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-TX) of the House Financial Services Committee observed that sustainable homeownership plays a key role in protecting the overall economy, citing the “unsustainable housing finance rollercoaster” that caused the Great Recession, a “lost decade” of lost economic growth.

“The lesson is clear: Housing unsustainability doesn’t just create unaffordability,” stated Rep. Hensarling. “It can create economic catastrophe.”

Overall, interest rates and tax law aren’t the only market drivers, something industry leaders should keep in mind as tax reform legislation enters the House and the economy continues to slowly bounce back from the Great Recession.

Post-recession debt burdens aren’t helping the nation’s homeownership rate, either. Student loan debt is suppressing young adult homeownership in particular.

“Eventually, time will start to soften the impact of those high student loans,” Beth Ann Bovino, chief U.S. economist at S&P Global Ratings, explained during a panel. “Jobs are coming around, wages are picking up.” But this is not to say the issue isn’t having real ramifications right now.

For those struggling to repay student loan debt, homeownership is simply not an option right now, according to Jessica Lautz, managing director of survey research and communication at NAR.

Meanwhile, many who are managing their student loan debt well aren’t in position to buy a home, either, a trend also identified by the National Association of Realtors 2017 Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers.

Another panel comprised of Dr. Lawrence Yun of NAR, Alex Nowrasteh of the Cato Institute, and Boyd Campbell of Century 21 discussed affordability concerns involving the supply and demand issues facing the housing market today.

Debt burdens aside, homeownership is just becoming too expensive for many Americans. “Prices have risen roughly 40 percent in the past five years, while people’s income has risen at a much slower rate,” Yun said. “This rise in prices forces an affordability concern.”

This particular issue isn’t just a real estate matter. The labor market plays a role as college-educated workers are priced out of areas where the job market is strong but housing prices are high.

As the number of families buying their first single-family homes remains well below the 50-year average, conversations about the range of issues impacting the housing market must continue.

“Prospective homebuyers face headwinds from the market, in the halls of Congress and in their own family’s budgets,” said NAR President Elizabeth Mendenhall, a sixth-generation Realtor and CEO of RE/MAX Boone Realty. “We can’t solve them all, but we know more can be done to smooth the way for creditworthy borrowers who want to own a home.”

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Homeownership

Preparing your clients for a long-distance move

(REAL ESTATE) You’re a community resource, even when a client is looking to move far away – here’s how to help prepare them.

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moving boxes move

A local move is never easy, but when moving across the country, it becomes a lot more complicated. The internet has made it easier to research utilities, communities and services.

But when you have clients who are preparing to move out of the area, you might want to make sure they are aware of these six mistakes that commonly occur.

1. Falling for a moving scam.
Rogue operators often give cost estimates sight unseen. Make sure clients know that this is a red flag. This publication of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is a good place to start.

2. Waiting until the last minute
Many people put off doing the research to move and be ready. Don’t make that mistake. Start packing early. This gives time to purge and pack. Label all boxes as you go. Have a timeline that shows when the moving company will pick up belongings, when the new place will be ready and where to stay in between.

3. Paying for clutter to travel across the country
The moving company charges for weight and size of goods. Purge the clutter and unused items from the house before the move to avoid adding extra charges to the move.

4. Setting up utilities in your new home
There are so many details to manage before the move, it can be easy to overlook this step. Moving into a home without electricity or water can be trying.

5. Forgetting to cancel services at the old home
The landscaping service, pest maintenance company, or pool person may not realize the family moved. Don’t run up unnecessary charges by neglecting to cancel these services.

6. Getting too stressed
Moving across country should be an adventure. Sure, there is going to be stress. Remind your clients to manage their stress and make the most of their last days in the community with friends and family. With careful planning, everything will go much smoother and this can happen.

You don’t have to credit anyone, just have your own materials prepared for clients moving long distances – you’re the ultimate resource and the community relies on you, even when they’re leaving!

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